Nonmonotonic and inductive logic

1st international workshop, Karlsruhe, Germany, December 4-7, 1990, proceedings

Publisher: Springer-Verlag in Berlin, New York

Written in English
Cover of: Nonmonotonic and inductive logic |
Published: Pages: 243 Downloads: 800
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Subjects:

  • Logic programming -- Congresses,
  • Artificial intelligence -- Congresses

Edition Notes

StatementJ. Dix, K.P. Jantke, P.H. Schmitt (eds.).
SeriesLecture notes in computer science ;, 543., Lecture notes in artificial intelligence, Lecture notes in computer science ;, 543., Lecture notes in computer science.
ContributionsDix, J. 1961-, Jantke, K. P., Schmitt, P. H. 1948-, International Workshop on Nonmonotonic and Inductive Inference (1st : 1990 : University of Karlsruhe)
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQA76.63 .N66 1991
The Physical Object
Paginationx, 243 p. ;
Number of Pages243
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1552832M
ISBN 103540545646, 0387545646
LC Control Number91032791

Although there are strong affinities to nonmonotonic logic, nonmonotonic logic relies more heavily on graph-based representations than on traditional logical ideas, and seems to provide a much finer-grained approach to nonmonotonic reasoning that raises entirely . The book contains a collection of eight survey papers written by some of the most excellent researchers in foundations of knowledge representation and reasoning. It covers topics like theories of uncertainty, nonmonotonic and casual reasoning, logic and programming, abduction, inductive logic programming, description logics, complexity in. date get this from a library for the sake of the argument ramsey test conditionals inductive inference and nonmonotonic reasoning isaac levi this book by one of the worlds foremost philosophers in the fields of epistemology and logic offers an account of suppositional reasoning relevant to practical deliberation explanation prediction. An important form of induction is the process of reasoning from the particular to the general. Francis Bacon in his Novum Organum () elucidated the first formal theory of inductive logic, which he proposed as a logic of scientific discovery, as opposed to deductive logic, the logic of argumentation. Both processes, however, are used.

Deductive logic: Patrick Suppe's "Introduction to Logic", "Logic, language and meaning" by Gamut (a group of logicians) and Ted Sider's "Logic for Philosophy". Inductive logic: Hugh Mellor's "Probability: a philosophical introduction". Also, I di. An Approach based on a Paraconsistent Nonmonotonic Logic. Ricardo Sousa Silvestre *1. Abstract: This paper is an effort to realize and explore the connections that exist between nonmonotonic logic and confirmation theory. We pick up one of the most wide-spread nonmonotonic formalisms – default logic – and analyze to what extent and under what. book of Logic in Artificial Intelligence and Logic Pro­ gramming, (Oxford University Press, ), [Makinson and Gardenfors ] David Makinson, Pe­ ter Gardenfors, Relations between the logic of theory change and nonmonotonic logic, in: A. Fuhrmann . Inference Explained. Inferences are steps in reasoning, moving from premises to logical consequences; etymologically, the word infer means to "carry forward". Inference is theoretically traditionally divided into deduction and induction, a distinction that in Europe dates at least to Aristotle (s BCE). Deduction is inference deriving logical conclusions from premises known or assumed to be.

Non-Monotonic Logic (NML) Motivation To define a strong yet flexible system to deal with situations of incomplete knowledge. • Declarative: Syntax and Semantic rules • Should have a . Nonmonotonic logic. Source: Article of André Fuhrmann about "Nonmonotonic Logic" A relation of inference is monotonic if the addition of premises does not undermine previously reached conclusions; otherwise the relation is brightebook.icuive inference, at least according to the canons of classical logic, is monotonic: if a conclusion is reached on the basis of a certain set of premises. The province of nonmonotonic reasoning is the derivation of plausible (but not infallible) conclusions from a knowledge base viewed abstractly as a set of formulas in a suitable logic. Any such conclusion is understood to be tentative; it may have to be retracted after new information has been added to the knowledge base. The overview includes the major results developed including complexity results that are known about the various theories. I then provide a summary which includes an assessment of the field and what must be done to further research in nonmonotonic reasoning and logic programming. Bibliography [AB88] K.R. Apt .

Nonmonotonic and inductive logic Download PDF EPUB FB2

This Nonmonotonic and inductive logic book volume contains a selection of revised and extended papers presented at the Second International Workshop on Nonmonotonic and InductiveLogic, NIL '91, which took place at Reinhardsbrunn Castle, DecemberThe volume opens with an extended version of a tutorial.

The papersare organized into sections on: Nonmonotonicity in logic programs - Axiomatic approach to nonmonotonic reasoning - Inductive inference - Autoepistemic logic - Belief updates The bulk of the papers are devoted to nonmonotonic logic and provide an up-to-date view of the current state of research presented by leading experts in the field.

The volume opens with an extended version of a tutorial on nonmonotonic logic by G. Brewka, J. Dix, and K. Konolige. Fifteen selected papers follow, on a variety of topics.

The majority of papers belong either to the area of nonmonotonic reasoning or to the field of inductive inference, but some papers integrate research from both areas. This proceedings volume contains revised and reviewed papers based on talks presented at the first International Workshop on Nonmonotonic and Inductive Logic held in Karlsruhe, December The workshop was supported by the Volkswagen-Stiftung, Hannover, and provided a forum for researchers.

A non-monotonic logic is a formal logic Nonmonotonic and inductive logic book consequence relation is not brightebook.icu other words, non-monotonic logics are devised to capture and represent defeasible inferences (cf. defeasible reasoning), i.e., a kind of inference in which reasoners draw tentative conclusions, enabling reasoners to retract their conclusion(s) based on further evidence.

Jan 06,  · Argument and Inference: An Introduction to Inductive Logic (The MIT Press) [Gregory Johnson] on brightebook.icu *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A thorough and practical introduction to inductive logic with a focus on arguments and the rules used for making inductive inferences.

This textbook offers a thorough and practical introduction to inductive logic.5/5(3). Get this from a library. Nonmonotonic and inductive logic: 1st international workshop, Karlsruhe, Germany, December, proceedings.

[J Dix; K P Jantke; P H Schmitt;] -- "This proceedings volume contains revised and reviewed papers based on talks presented at the first International Workshop on Nonmonotonic and Inductive Logic held in Karlsruhe, December Nonmonotonic reasoning and logic programs.- Supracompact inference operations.- Notions of nonmonotonic derivability.- Ranges of strong modal nonmonotonic logics.- On generation of cumulative inference operators by default deduction rules.- Qualitative magnitude reasoning.- Monotonic and non-monotonic inductive inference of functions and patterns Nonmonotonic reasoning provides formal methods that enable intelligent systems to operate adequately when faced with incomplete or changing information.

In particular, it provides rigorous mechanisms for taking back conclusions that, in the presence of new information, turn out to be wrong and for deriving new, alternative conclusions instead.

View chapter Purchase book. Inductive Logic. Ronald Ortner, Hannes Leitgeb, As we have seen in Subsectiondeductive closure in nonmonotonic logic as understood above is actually monotonic, and by the results in the last subsection the same is true of the relations of logical entailment introduced above, i.e.: if K B.

View chapter Purchase book. The Many Valued and Nonmonotonic Turn in Logic. Grigoris Antoniou, Inductive Logic. Ronald Ortner, Hannes Leitgeb, do have nice implementations in terms of PROLOG or logic programs, nonmonotonic reasoning in the preferential KLM style is implemented in very much the same manner as standard systems of modal.

"The book is recommended reading for philosophers and logicians concerned with conditional logics and inductive inference and will interest researchers in artificial intelligence involved in nonmonotonic reasoning and belief revision." A.

Florea, Computing ReviewsCited by: Mar 14,  · This book by Wiktor Marek and Miroslaw Truszczynski is an elegant treatment of a large body of these results. It provides the first comprehensive treatment of two influen tial nonmonotonic logics - autoepistemic and default logic - and describes a number.

Nonmonotonic logic: Context-dependent reasoning They are commonly referred to as nonmonotonic logics. Our goal in this book is to present a thorough study of some of the most important.

Inductive Logic Programming (ILP) is concerned with the task of generalising sets of positive and negative examples with respect to background knowledge expressed as logic programs. Inductive logic programming is a new research area formed at the intersection of machine learning and logic programming.

While the influence of logic programming has encouraged the development of strong theoretical foundations, this new area is inheriting its experimental orientation from machine learning. Inductive Logic Programming will be an invaluable text for all students of computer.

from a nonmonotonic theory, we should look briefly at how inference is defined in these logics. We will concentrate on Reiter’ s default logic and on circumscription, but the discussion and subsequent results hold for McDermott’ s nonmonotonic logic as well. Inference in default logic.

Dec 01,  · This book represents a selection of papers presented at the Inductive Logic Programming (ILP) workshop held at Cumberland Lodge, Great Windsor Park.

The collection marks two decades since the first ILP workshop in During this period the area. Sep 14,  · Read "Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning 13th International Conference, LPNMRLexington, KY, USA, SeptemberProceedings" by available from Rakuten Kobo. Sign up today and get $5 off your first purchase.

This volume contains the refereed proceedings of the 13th InternatiPrice: $ Inductive Logic () Erotetic Logic (0) Epistemic Logic, Misc (1) Jobs in this area Pearl’s System Z, later extended and refined in collaboration with Goldszmidt; and the present author’s Nonmonotonic conditional logic for belief revision.

We show that although the ideas motivating these systems are strikingly different, they are. Nonmonotonic reasoning deals with the problem of deriving plausible conclusions, but not infallible, from a are not certain, it must be possible to retract some of them if new information shows that they are wrong Classical logic is inadequate since it is monotonic: if a formula B is derivable Introduction to Non Monotonic Reasoning.

Nonmonotonic Reasoning: Logical Foundations of Commonsense Gerhard Brewka GMD, Sankt Augustin, Germany The right of the University 0/ Cambridge to print and self.

CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Nonmonotonic logic programming (NMLP) and inductive logic programming (ILP) are. Inductiv e logic is not the subject of this book.

If you want to learn about inductive logic, it is probably best to take a course on probability and statistics.

Inductive reasoning is often called statistical (or probabilistic) reasoning, and forms the basis of experimental science. Inductive reasoning is important to science, but so is.

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th Internationa l Conference on Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning, LPNMR '9 9, held in El Paso, Texas, USA, in December The volume presents 26 contributed papers and four invited talks, three appearing as exten ded Author: Michael Gelfond.

Logic Deductive and Inductive book. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. This book was converted from its physical edition to the dig /5. Handbook of the History of Logic brings to the development of logic the best in modern techniques of historical and interpretative scholarship.

Computational logic was born in the twentieth century and evolved in close symbiosis with the advent of the first electronic computers and the growing importance of computer science, informatics and artificial intelligence.

for the sake of the argument ramsey test conditionals inductive inference and nonmonotonic reasoning Dec 08, Posted By Stephen King Media Publishing TEXT ID c Online PDF Ebook Epub Library nonmonotonic reasoning book cumpara cartea for the sake of the argument de isaac levi la pretul de lei cu livrare prin curier oriunde in romania amazoncouk.

Liu C and Pontelli E Nonmonotonic inductive logic programming by instance patterns Proceedings of the 9th ACM SIGPLAN international conference on Principles and practice of declarative programming, () Ohshima M, Zhong N.

Inductive Logic is number ten in the volume Handbook of the History of brightebook.icu there are many examples were a science split from philosophy and became autonomous (such as physics with Newton and biology with Darwin), and while there are, perhaps, topics that are of exclusively philosophical interest, inductive logic — as this handbook attests — is a research field where philosophers.

Nonmonotonic Reasoning, Action, and Change. August 1. W The Festival is three weeks of theatre, concerts, street music and.

ICLP 32nd International Conference on Logic Programming. Theory: Semantic Foundations, Formalisms, Nonmonotonic Reasoning, Knowledge Representation.

the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway theatre district.This volume contains revised and extended versions of the papers presented at the Second International Workshop on Non-Monotonic Reasoning, held in Grassau (FRG), JuneThe workshop brought together researchers with different backgrounds, including non-monotonic logic, logic programming, truth maintenance and philosophy.

Their papers contain substantial advances to the .The topics covered in the book are commonsense reasoning, knowledge representation, nonmonotonic reasoning, logic for causation and actions, planning and problem solving, cognitive robotics, logic for agents and actions, inductive reasoning, possibilistic logic, logic and beliefs, logic and language, computational logic, knowledge base system.